20+ yr Infantry Officer.
Visit me at GRUNTSandCo.com. You'll find my commentary on SOFREP, foreignpolicy, DoDBuzz, Defensetech, KitUp, Military.com. Smallwarsjournal
Oh heck, I'm sure there are many soldiers incensed at what Bergdahl did, of all ranks, even an overwhelming majority. I also think you're right on Generals being annoyed at the Gitmo 5. Getting back? Maybe.
Another sad truth is that among the highest decision makers there's a lot of cold calculation on what's best for "moi". The fact the Pres is coming to the end of his tenure helps the noodle spines do the right thing.
1 day, 4 hours ago on The Deal with Bowe Bergdahl
I don't know if he did anything that nuts in the field. I remember some strange birds and downrange eccentricities come out.
Recruiting him in the first place after the USCG fiasco was a clear mistake. At a minimum there should have been an investigation/waiver but we all know recruiters are focused on getting people qualified and signing them up, not eliminating them.
BCD's and DD's are punitive discharges and result from a court martial finding.
It will be for the judge to rule on what defenses are admissable. They did try blaming the CoC in Manning's funeral, er I mean trial...
1 day, 20 hours ago on The Deal with Bowe Bergdahl
@YankeePapa @majrod @yossarian0841
LOL, I'd add the first infraction to the charge sheet with the confession...
Had that happen once. Four cadets were found to have had a drunken orgy. Alcohol, sex in the barracks, fraternization charges (the women were plebes, the guys juniors) and they alleged the one witness was lying. There was enough circumstantial evidence to turn back the cadets for a year. One of the juniors wrote his Congressman complaining he was being railroaded. There was no alcohol involved and the event actually happened the week before it was alleged and yes the accuser who they said was lying or nuts (both grounds for expulsion) was telling the truth.
The Commandant got a letter from the Congressman with the cadet's letter/confession asking what was going on. The Commandant hadn't signed off on punishment yet and ordered another hearing with new evidence. The cadets were found guilty. The girls were expelled. The juniors transferred to the Army as SPC with assignments to Korea.
I got a letter from one of the girl's parents complaining about how their daughter was being treated and asking what we taught "up there". I responded laying out the evidence and asked where their daughter learned to bear false witness to protect her misbehavior simultaneously putting another at risk for expulsion because they had the courage to tell the truth because we sure didn't teach that "up here".
Sometimes, justice is served.
I really wonder...
!. Is there a fight going on between the Army and the White house with the Army trying to do the right thing and the WH trying to save face?
2. Is the Army (talking senior leaders) just wanting this to go away which is why they have dragged their feet on the investigation so terribly? Note: a SECOND investigation because the first wasn't conclusive enough?
3. Is the time delay caused by an over abundance of caution and maybe inexperience in dealing with a deserter that goes over to the enemy? (Kind of like why it took so long to court martial Hasan.)
I hope it's #1. It would somewhat renew my jaded perspective on our senior military leaders.
The realist in me says #2 which would have been confirmed if it was Ordierno denying there's been a decision made vs. Admiral Kirby, administration, er I mean Pentagon mouthpiece.
#3 could play a role in the other options or be it's own stand alone explanation.
Frankly I'll be surprised and pleasantly found to be wrong if Bergdahl is court martialed. I predicted the Army and administration would sit on this so America would forget and Bergdahl would be released with no serious consequences. I'm glad America hasn't forgotten...
1 day, 21 hours ago on The Deal with Bowe Bergdahl
The Rose Garden scene is unforgiveable.
Some things just can't be predicted and especially in today's military the chain of command is sometimes limited in the action they can take. What are we supposed to do, have troops pull security in two's so one is watching the other and post a guard on sleeping soldiers?
Further I'm not a fan of holding command as primarily responsible for the insanely stupid or dangerous things troops do. I once stopped a soldier from taking apart a cluster bomb nose cone he found in Iraq. He thought it was safe. I've had soldiers cut open the unused mortar round powder charges, dump the powder and throw a match in it. I recommended they be charged for the medical care given to treat their burns. Bradley Manning's defense tried to blame the Army for not taking him out of country away from his duties. Go figure. I'm not saying leaders are scot free. We're always responsible but that shouldn't be an excuse for personal responsibility.
Who thinks one of one's own is going to slip out of the perimeter? One is focused on keeping the enemy from slipping in. I've read where Bergdahl knew when, where and how to leave. According to some reports he allegedly low crawled for some distance to get out of sight of his base.
2 days, 3 hours ago on US resupplying Iraq with Tanks, MRAPs, HMMWVs & more
Agree wholehesartedly but you didn't explore the third option.
What if he doesn't deny it/say he was "joking". Does the Air Force pressure him to retire or take other severe action (demote, NJP, etc).?
It should, but based on what happened at Dover and USAFA there's a 50/50 chance nothing will come of it...
3 days ago on USAF investigates General calling airmen treasonous over A10
There's some studies that support your theory no doubt.
3 days, 23 hours ago on Catastrophe Culture: The NYC Non-Blizzard of 2015
I agree. Big city living doe3s tend to have a population more reliant on public government. Having lived in several big US cities and a couple of foreign ones you can see some slight differences. The inhabitants of Miami, Atlanta, Mexico City (I don't know if they count as first world) and others have a larger segment of inhabitants that are prepared to "go without" than say NYC,
Besides the raids we've conducted I have little doubt that our "non-combat" troops have been in combat. We're not going to hear about it unless there's media there when it happens or someone gets killed.
The administration is adept at keeping firefights it doesn't want published out of the public eye. Look how long it took to get first hand reports from Benghazi.
4 days, 2 hours ago on Operation Inherent Resolve is mostly conventional troops
I probably can't describe what would happen if NYC lost power for a day or two (not isolated blackouts that happened in portions of the city during Sandy). I just remember the looting the last time I was there for a complete city blackout (the 70's). Add dangerous weather? No doubt body bags would be filled just out of stupidity's sake but some would die just out of unexplainable inaction to overcome their circumstances.
4 days, 2 hours ago on Catastrophe Culture: The NYC Non-Blizzard of 2015
I'd be careful to make generalization of all America based on how NYC behaves. NYC is incredibly reliant on gov't for everyday life. Everything from public transportation, to rent control, to police protection because civilians generally can't own guns, God forbid. NYC is also historically ill prepared for natural disasters. Sandy was a Cat 1 hurricane that came in during high tide. My brother, who lives in an area eventually flooded by Sandy (he had four feet of water in his basement), saw the waters rising and moved his truck to high ground. His neighbors to a man had their cars submerged in their basement garages. Ya think?
I think Jack has something with our propensity to over react to real catastrophes and is nailing it on how hype makes money but it's not as bad as he makes out. Fake bombs and blanks would get the media's attention for a short period and rational thinkers and actors would be greatly concerned about the "success" of thee attacks but the masses would be unmoved by the lack of blood and might even come to some incredibly stupid conclusion that the terrorists really don't mean us harm.
Now if there was blood, we might actually do something that would make a difference. Sadly we'd also likely do some things that would hurt us as much as take on the bad guys.
4 days, 23 hours ago on Catastrophe Culture: The NYC Non-Blizzard of 2015
I don't think the failure to get a signed and enforceable agreement was an honest mistake.
4 days, 23 hours ago on Senate Staffers Mishandle Classified CIA Interrogation Reports
Very Funny! Thanks for the Shot Show coverage.
4 days, 23 hours ago on Gear and Clothing in Las Vegas: 2015 SHOT Show After Action Report
Interesting story though I don't see Iran sees the death of Iranian Generals having any impact on morale. The Quds force are the hardcore believers. The deaths are an indicator of how involved Iran is involved in the struggle. Quite similar to what is coming out of Iraq.
They also illustrate the drastically different levels of commitment between the west and Iran in influencing the outcome in both regions.
6 days, 2 hours ago on Another One Bites the Dust: Iranian IRGC General Allahdadi Killed
Speaking of El Salvador the very significant conventional contribution to that era is mostly unknown. Without the conventional Army conducting basic training at Ft. Benning for Salvadoran forces or the large unit (BN CDR and above) Commander, Staff/Military Decision Making Process training conducted by conventional forces the effort in El Salvador would have turned out much different.
My point remains not to ding special ops but illuminate the critical conventional contribution to these previously characterized exclusively special operations efforts.
6 days, 23 hours ago on Operation Inherent Resolve is mostly conventional troops
It appears things took on a life of their own. Direct action is a "sexier" mission and there was plenty of demand but there was also a self inflicted aspect to this as direct action is also the path to publicity and a greater budget which can become it's own self feeding cycle.
were given far too much work, sent on too many deployments, and not
given enough rest time."
Absolutely true but so were our conventional forces who typically deployed for 3-4 times as long with as limited dwell time between deployments.
Overseas service is often measured by the number of deployments one has and while special operations can boast more deployments the time spent in theatre is generally equal. The average infantry unit has 3-4 deployments over the last decade. That doesn't sound as impressive as the Ranger Regiment soldier that may have 12. What the average person doesn't know is that special operations deployment was 3 months long. Both served 36 months in theatre and a year long deployment places much more stress on families than shorter ones. FTR my intent is not to degrade our special operations forces superb service. I'm trying to spotlight the conventional side that has often been forgotten in the celebration of our special operations forces.
Things haven't changed much from WWII when Bill Mauldin observed, "I'm convinced that the infantry is the group in the army which gives more and gets less than anybody else."
1 week ago on Operation Inherent Resolve is mostly conventional troops
I'm not willing to wager because I have no idea how the standards will be enforced. In a professional sports event the referees are hardly ever an issue. I think they are critical in this event.
Marine officers that bolo the infantry course get assigned to a different specialty.
I find it strange there is no discussion about the Army's Infantry officer's course.
1 week, 4 days ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
I'm not as impressed by crossfit athletes as many. Sure they are great athletes and the spectrum of training comes closer to the day to demands of the Infantryman than other sports they have the same shortcominsg as other sports.
It's much easier to perform when you have adequate sleep and food. When your competition is a set duration event after which stress abates. It's quite a bit different when you have to perform while tired, hungry, stressed, dealing with uncertainty and putting out extra effort to help others.
I've seen all kinds of athletes wilt while doing a three hour roadmarch. Expand that to movement for days on end, pulling security, planning for patrols, maintaining your equipment all without the standard 4-6 hours of uninterrupted sleep and one's protein shake... Add to this that women don't recover as quickly or have the same endurance as men and it's a safe bet that people are in for a rude awakening.
I read that story. Someone's smoking dope or the writer is confusing Ranger candidate with Ranger Observer.
I like when Moore and his ilk talk. It shows what he and the left he epitomizes, really believe.
1 week, 4 days ago on What?! Fat Actors Called Us Cowards?!
@YankeePapa @majrod @GoodCopy
Maybe more context or a date would help with when the SF officer used the term. I don't see any connection between Ia Drang "shiny bayonet" and Rangers in the modern Ranger BN/Reg't era.
1 week, 4 days ago on Guerrilla Tactics: There Is Nothing New Under The Sun
Maybe that, and it sounds better...
My first thought when hearing "shiny bayonets" reminds me of a line of redcoats moving forward in the Revolutionary War. The Brits were renown for their skill and finesse with the bayonet at the time. So much so that many colonial militia units broke under the threat of a clash with British bayonets. I'm sure there are also some flowery literary references to shiny bayonets in our own Civil War literature.
I hope that's a better reason for an SF officer to compare the Rangers with "shiny bayonets" than the ceremonial use of chrome plated pokers...
I think it's more like 0 for 29.
I read the Free Becon's coverage a couple of weeks ago. http://freebeacon.com/blog/exclusive-two-more-female-marines-dropped-from-infantry-course/
I highly recommend it as it comes at the issue from a slightly different perspective but even more important are the additional links in the story. Very interesting things happening to pressure the Corps to lower standards as well as links to the breathless coverage in other places.
1 week, 5 days ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
companies being attached to divisions not always a good thing. Some
commanders did not believe in the concept... others had no real idea how
to get the most out of them."
Yes. Some very similar things happened in WWII e.g. Rangers, 1st Special Service Force or even our paratroopers. Some of it blatantly wrong. Other times the manpower situation was so poor you use what you have. It can cut both ways. Look how the conventional force has had the lion's share load of training foreign military forces. Granted, less casualties except for the green on blue threat but also a huge drain on conventional forces in many ways.
Later in Nam divisional Ranger companies conducted long range recon. After the war it became doctrinal for these commanders to have organic long range surveillance detachments as the Rangers coalesced into the stormtrooper role they are more known for contemporarily.
1 week, 5 days ago on Guerrilla Tactics: There Is Nothing New Under The Sun
I don't disagree with your comment about branding but I think the Ranger Regiment is a bad example. The Rangers have repeatedly been initiated with the organization of light units to conduct commando type missions from Roger's Rangers to Darby's Rangers. Ranger School started in 1950 and produced Ranger companies that were often attached to divisional formations in time of war.
The longest peacetime standing Ranger combat organization (as opposed to a training unit) started with the 1st Ranger BN which grew to three during the Reagan years because of a decision to increase capability. That same phenomena has been repeated after 911 with the very focused initiative to increase the Rangers SOF mission portfolio, the standing up of a support battalion, enlarging the Recon Detachment to a company and adding a company to every BN..
Maybe the last ten years are a good example of what you are calling "branding" though I don't see the Ranger Regiment as pursuing funding as much as making themselves more applicable in the current operating environment. Maybe they are the same? Even so, it's a sorry comparison to what the Navy has done with the SEALs to increase enlistment. I'd love to know what percentage of Navy recruits have SEAL contracts...
More article like this are needed. Thanks Pete.
New buzzwords like asymmetric, IED's, COIN, ISR etc. make people thing that warfare is being reinvented when all that's happening is age old concepts are being renamed.
@Luddite4Change @majrod @Riceball
Interesting that most promoting the integration of women won't even acknowledge the existence of new dynamics.
2 weeks, 1 day ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
These reporters might not be qualified to ask the type of questions I do but the real problem is they aren't interested in reporting that side of the issue. Reasons for not having women in the combat arms are often not even addressed and when they are, they're addressed in as an afterthought. It doesn't support the narrative.
2 weeks, 2 days ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
Great article. Won't find this stuff in the MSM!
2 weeks, 2 days ago on Iranian Qods Force Senior Officer Killed by ISIS, Western Media Sleeps
I think you are referring to the Irbil 5.
You might be confusing the 5-10 troops with 15 British sailors captured by Iran in international waters with the intent to trade them. Turned out to not be a positive event for anyone. The Brits weren't too happy with their troops surrendering in international waters and the Iranians didn't get anything out of it besides some publicity and an increasingly perturbed Brit PM. There was also a bit of a kerfuffle on how the Brits behaved under Iranian custody. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2007_Iranian_seizure_of_Royal_Navy_personnel
Shortly thereafter the Iranians conducted a raid in Karbala wearing US uniforms, speaking English and driving in US vehicles that were waved through Iraqi security checkpoints into a regional HQ where the Iranians tried to capture five American troops. One American was killed in the attempt and the Iranians executed the four Americans when they thought pursuing forces were going to capture them. We found the soldiers handcuffed and shot in the head in the abandoned US vehicles.
Later one Iraqi with links to the raid and the Iranians was captured. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2007/01/the_karbala_attack_a.php
All six individuals were released under protest by the US military to the Iraqis under orders from the administration. The Iraqis released them to the Iranians. Our military protested. The administration said it was out of their hands. http://www.longwarjournal.org/archives/2009/07/us_released_senior_iranian_qods_force_commander.php
First thing that I noticed is they didn't mention the 15:12 min time requirement for the two mile run. (There's also a 5 mile standard) Has that standard been dropped?
There also used to be a a standard that you could fall out of only two unit runs conducted daily (over the first 10 days) that were between 2-4 miles long and were run in such a way as to play with your mind. In the end the run avergaed an 8 min/.mile pace but there were sprints up hills and a requirement to sing cadence and be within an arms distance of the man in front of you or you got in the truck. Wonder if that's gone by the wayside?
I wonder how they will address peer reports and how they will weigh on female candidate performance.
My friend who works next to the Armor basic training brigade at Benning says there are women in the basic tank and scout courses.
No matter what all this talk about basic training doesn't address the issues of enforcing standards I discussed above but no one except those that have to live with the results actually cares.
2 weeks, 3 days ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
I think you haven't thought this through or might have fallen for some of the propaganda out there.
I have a lot of problems with different standards. What happens if you're competing for a position, promotion points or a school slot and the individual you are competing against has higher scores because they are graded on a different standard?
The there's the actual results on a same standard PT test. How many women score well if not excel on the men's standard of a PT test? Many people say "use the male standard" assuming that since their standard is above the minimum others have the same personal standard. They don't and that has a huge impact on the leaders of units who never accept minimums.
I remember "passing" a PT test as easy. In the units I served in just "passing" got you a free trip to the remedial PT squad and constant attention when it came to any facet of your physical performance.
God forbid you were a leader.
Too many and especially those promoting women in the combat arms think "minimums" when looking at PT tests failing to realize the average PT score in an Infantry unit is a lot closer to the max than it is to the minimum. Even more so if you were in an elite unit or a leader. I reject the whole approach on minimum scores as much as I reject those that say some of the men don't meet the standards so why so much attention about women. Think about it. Who goes out for something to be the weakest link?
I also remember as a leader trying to improve the performance of those who met the minimum standards. Many a time they'd cite the regs and contest any effort to increase their performance. Not too bad for a troop. He just hurts the unit's ability to be better and peer pressure can be a bitch when you aren't carrying your fair share of the load. What happens when it's a woman and peer pressure is now reported as "sexual harassment"? I can hear it now. "I passed the PT Test and there's no service requirement in writing that says I have to carry the M240 for 15 minutes on a forced march unit." They are right. If the unit establishes a higher standard than what's on paper for a supporting individual/collective task you can't officially punish a service member for not meeting that unit standard. I've seen soldiers contest extra training for falling out of a unit run because the run was faster than what was required on the PT test or longer than the PT test standard. It can get messy when it gets to JAG or the EO officer and many units just let it slide or find unofficial ways top deal with it. Today those unofficial ways will get you slammed.
I've had leaders who tried the "minimum" BS when they didn't need promotion points or weren't looking to progress for whatever reason at that point of their career. MUCH more problematic as they not only hurt the unit but set an example. As a leader myself I'd try to appeal to their sense of duty. If that failed I had to get very inventive to "motivate" them. It took time away from other things I needed to be doing as a leader.
Add race (or gender) to the equation and it raised the complexity level and many of my superiors would rather be focused on something else than these hard cases even though they impacted the unit.
Not the right answer but it's the truth on how the dynamics worked out. I'm speaking from experience here and the issues and costs are much more complicated than just saying let's use the male standard. The EO/Sexual Harassment defense to cover for substandard or poor performance is out there and many leaders are more afraid of the potential cost of an unsubstantiated allegation where the leader is guilty until proven innocent than enforcing the standard.
Be careful what you ask for. You might just get it...
Be careful who you listen to. There's a myriad of perspectives out there on Spartan life and while it wasn't easy or civilized various sources paint very different pictures of Spartan life...
In short don't believe everything you hear/read. Cross reference it.
2 weeks, 4 days ago on I Was a Warfighter
Great piece. Hope to hear more from you as I have tons of questions about your perspective having served in the two primary ground branches.
From one vet to another, appreciate your service.
The Marines then and since have always outclassed the Army in publicity.
2 weeks, 4 days ago on Airborne Obsolescence: What Happened to the Mustard Stains?
I know much of what you say is in jest but there are actually MANY people who think war is convenient enough to place challenged individuals in positions where they could perform. E.G. "Since there was a female SSG that earned a silver star fighting the enemy from a HMMWV why can't we have women replace Infantrymen who fight from HMMWV's."
They are totally ignorant of the fact that Infantry are often assigned assets depending on the mission and not the other way around. The fact that missions can change mid mission would just make their heads explode.
2 weeks, 5 days ago on Female Combat Arms Integration Driving Specialty Specific PT Test
We ask our 32 yo women to do 15 pushups. The men, 36. http://www.military.com/military-fitness/army-fitness-requirements/army-physical-fitness-test-score-chart
Giving our M1s to some European countries isn't a bad idea except the admin might be afraid of making the Russians angry.
2 weeks, 5 days ago on US resupplying Iraq with Tanks, MRAPs, HMMWVs & more
There are likely some airborne slots being "wasted" in the 82nd. They aren't in the infantry BN's even when it comes to the clerks on the battalion staff. These are the soldiers that man the radios, pull security, do the battle tracking, keep the generator running, put the TOC together/take it apart and a myriad bunch of other mundane tasks that have to happen behind the lead company of an airborne assault to keep it supplied, supported, directed and coordinated with other facets of the battle. When they aren't doing these things the legal, personnel or finance clerk in the Infantry BN are the guys that process the mundane paperwork that we all hate but can't do without.
Now the finance company of the 82nd might be another issue as well as other bits and pieces (e.g. why put helo pilots on jump status when their helos aren't air dropable) but as a whole there's a lot of redundancy necessary to keep one BN on the 18 hour leash. The whole division would take much longer as the ready BDE has 96 hours to deploy completely. While one BDE is on Global Response Force (GRF has replaced the old DRB acronym) another is prepping/training to assume status and another has just come off status allowing troops to go on leave, go to school, pull post details like honor guards for burials etc. That takes three Brigades and is why we have a division on airborne status.
Where slots could really be saved are in 18th ABN Corp. Like why have Psyops BN's on jump status when they aren't going to be the forced entry guys on an airfield seizure? Can't they come in on the planes later? This also goes for the 1000 or so it takes to put a Corps HQ on the ground which should make everyone ask why, to command one airborne division?
3 weeks, 1 day ago on Airborne Obsolescence: What Happened to the Mustard Stains?
Haven't had a chance to look at the footage but when the security forces let one of the terrorists out it's not an indicator of a strong cordone (or isolating the target), one of, if not the first things you do.
3 weeks, 1 day ago on Attack in Paris: The Hunt is On
Have to come back and red the thread later (Anniversary today and relationship maintenance takes precedence:) but two observations about the situation.
It's been widely reported that these terrorists moved with "precision" and were highly trained. Bullshit and an indictment of the competence of our media when reporting on military affairs. I've seen trainees in basic move better. These guys weren't clowning around much but they were nowhere near "commandos" e.g. from the photo above, you keep your weapon (with both hands on it) on the threat until the threat is dead and your buddy should be scanning for other threats.
You of course get better analysis here on SOFREP but the lesson is be very wary about quoting the media when it comes to weapons, vehicles or tactical assessments. Every firearm seems to be a machinegun, if it's an enclosed vehicle it's a "tank" and everyone dressed like a commando is one.
Next is an ongoing observation. Ever notice how the media castigates and spotlights misbehavior by the the US with all kinds of media attention? Contrast that with the cold blooded execution of the French policeman (who BTW was Muslim) and it's coverage? Ever notice how the animals showcase their bestial violence which is always tempered by the West's media who make exceptions when it's an atrocity committed by our side?
Food for thought...
3 weeks, 2 days ago on Attack in Paris: The Hunt is On
"A country that does not control its borders is eventually not a country..."
A simple fact that never seems to enter the equation when discussing Pakistan's involvement with hostilities in Afghanistan...
Hmmmm, works in Pakistan...
@Loren Schofield @majrod
The original points you were trying to make are valid to a degree. All wars are waged on borrowed money and are expensive. No one wants to go to war. It's for our leaders to make the case and change public opinion. The sources you picked to buttress your points are wrong and chock full of biases and predispositions that would seriously diffuse any US action. I probably agree 100% with your core premises. I just don't agree with how you are making the case for them. If you embrace the Harvard/Kennedy school's approach to cost wars you better cost out military operations in a whole new way. You'll find in the effort to find the highest cost for the last decade, you'll also be super inflating the costs of any operation basically freezing military operations which is the unstated goal of the Harvard/Kennedy School's approach.
The conventional side is not in a support role.
The majority of officers advising current ongoing operations at the BDE and Corps level are conventional. The Apaches at Baghdad Airport are conventional. The Marines called in to provide the muscle in the Green Zone and Irbil when the threat is strongest are conventional. The overwhelming majority of the next 1500 troops slated to deploy and that will train Iraqi forces are coming out of the 82nd.The airpower except for the occasional raid is all conventional. The media does a very good job of not identifying who's doing what and it doesn't support the narrative of "non combat" troops to remind folks we're sending troops whose primary training is not UW or COIN.
Even if you were right it isn't a reason to exclude them. We don't exclude SOF representation in war planning, long range policy making etc.
DARPA has zero experience in international affairs, military decision making, or military ops. They look at technology that in 20 years might be mature enough to be fielded. You'll be highly pressed to find ONE example of technology DARPA promoted and was in SOF hands within five years of DARPA looking at it. E.G. We were doing computer simulations on see through wall technology in 2002 for DARPA. Short a tractor trailer you park next to a building it still hasn't been fielded. I could provide a laundry list of other programs to include the current "Ironman" SOCOM TALOS program.
3 weeks, 4 days ago on Total War Part 6: Political Warfare Committee
I would think the national command authority would have the final decision on strategy.
Everyone else brings various courses of action (in this case they might be strategies but to develop a strategy you have to have an end state and I don't see where this is inputted in your model).to the table.
LOVED your CIA story...
Too many think their organization is superior to others. The most extreme think it applies in every way.
The truth is each has its strengths and weaknesses and needs the other to be successful. None are free of fault unless hubris blinds one to them.